These supplements are also given the name multivitamins. They give some nutrients that are also found in food. They are available in different forms, such as powders, pills, liquids and chewable tablets.
A multivitamin contains
- Water-soluble vitamins- these are vitamins that easily pass in and out of the body. Such do not accumulate or build up in our bodies, they include, vitamin B, vitamin C, folic acid, B6, niacin, thiamine, biotin, pantothenic acid and riboflavin.
- Fat soluble vitamins- are cells stored in the body, not easily passed out as water-soluble do. They include vitamins D, K, A and E.
- Minerals- minerals include, copper, zinc, calcium, magnesium, selenium, iron, potassium and phosphorous.
- Others contain substances that are not either vitamins or minerals, which include ingredients such as antioxidants lutein and lycopene.
Why do people take supplements?
The very best and healthy way of getting vitamins and minerals is by taking them through the food we eat. Ensure to eat foods that are rich in the minerals and vitamins the body requires. However, it becomes difficult for even people who observe the rule of taking a balanced diet to get all vitamins and minerals the body needs.
Some people are more likely to take supplements as a must
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women
- Individuals eating calories restricted diet such that they cannot get all minerals and vitamins needed for the food.
- Sick, injured or people from surgery
- Infants, to ensure that they are getting good amounts of vitamin D and calcium.
- Individuals who cannot eat a variety of foods due to allergies or other medical complications.
- Supplements do not make healthy eating habits, but due to unavoidable circumstances, people are forced to take them.
- They should be taken in moderation and as per doctor’s prescription. Do not go for over the counter multivitamins just because you think your system is lacking something, get a diagnosis and prescription from your doctor.